Ethnographers have been central to expanding understandings of the immigrant experience, including the Latinx experience in the United States. This work has importantly sought to challenge the xenophobic narratives that dehumanize (im)migrants and render nation-states as sovereign victims (Chavez 2013; Coutin 2005; De Genova 2005; Zavella 2011). Yet, while much of the scholarship to date has focused on the plight of Latinx immigrants in the United States, a growing number of Latinx migrants are migrating to a variety of different locations within and outside U.S. borders. Recent findings have examined the arrival of Latinx migrants in new immigrant destinations, the relationship between Latinx immigrants and other racial/ethnic communities, and the increased importance of transnational linkages as a multi-directional process (Guerrero 2017; Paz 2018; Vega 2015). Our roundtable builds on these robust anthropological understandings about migration and immigrant communities worldwide, by asking: How are Latinx (im)migrants part of the everyday interactions and institutions of societies? Relatedly, how do Latinx (im)migrant experiences vary across historical, geographic, social, and political contexts? We find that a broader discussion of Latinx (im)migrant experiences at the local, national, and global levels can assist in illuminating the nuanced, layered aspects of migration, mobility, racial/ethnic identity, and citizenship status for Latinx migrants and migrants to/from Latinx communities. Latinx migrants’ lived experiences are shaped not only by their journeys during the migration process, but also their interactions with community members in the locations to which they migrate. This is often evident in migrants’ negotiation of their relationships with immigrant non-immigrant residents in these locales leading at times to conflict and/or collaboration. Exploring the nuanced nature of Latinx migrants’ navigation of these relationships, our panel examines how these processes play out in Latin America, Spain, U.S. empire (e.g. the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands), and new immigrant destinations in the U.S. (e.g. the U.S. South and rural areas of the northeast). Our goal is to bring together discussions of Latinx migrants’ experiences in their new destinations and to provide insight into their relationships with other community members that acknowledges the complex nature of these experiences. In doing so, the these scholars illustrate how the frameworks of race, ethnicity, class, and language, shape how Latinx migrants understand themselves and the social worlds that they seek to build.
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AAA Annual Meeting 2021
18 November 2021